刘沧龙分享:研究:工作繁重易导致酗酒 Long work hours and alcohol ab


TOO much work and too much wine go together like biscuits and cheese, a new international study finds.



EMPLOYEES who work more than 48 hours a week are 11 per cent more likely to over consume alcohol than those who work a standard week, Finnish researchers say.



The study looked at more than 300,000 people in Australia, Europe and North America.



No differences were seen between men and women, says the study, published in the British Medical Journal.

他们发现,性别差异对这一结论并无影响。该研究结果近日刊登在《英国医学杂志》(British Medical Journal)上。


Risky alcohol consumption is considered as more than 14 drinks a week for women and more than 21 drinks a week for men.



About 20 per cent of Australians drink at levels that put them at risk of lifetime harm from injury or disease.



Drinking alcohol can affect the liver or cause brain damage, heart disease, high blood pressure and increases the risk of many cancers.



Study author Marianna Virtanen said while alcohol might help ease the stress of working long periods of time, risky consumption could lead to difficulties in the workplace, such as poor performance.

研究人员玛丽安娜•维尔塔宁(Marianna Virtanen)表示,适度饮酒可缓解长时间工作的压力,但高风险酗酒会影响人们在职场的表现,造成状态不佳等问题。


The European Union Working Time Directive ensures that workers in EU countries have the right to work no more than 48 hours a week, including overtime.

欧盟工作时间指令(The European Union Working Time Directive)的推出,保障了欧盟工作者可享有每周工作(包括加班)时长不超过48小时的权利。


"But many people, for example well-educated managers and professionals, work much longer hours to achieve faster promotions, salary increases, and more control over work and employment," said Prof Virtanen, of the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health.

芬兰职业健康研究所(Finnish Institute of Occupational Health)的维尔塔宁教授说:“但还是有很多人,比如受过高等教育的管理者和专业人士,会通过加班来实现更快的晋升、加薪和扩大求职优势。”


In Australia, it's recommended that healthy men and women drink no more than two standard drinks a day.




consume: 吃; 喝

high blood pressure: 高血压

ensure: 确保

well-educated: 受过良好教育的

promotion: 晋升

recommend: 建议;推荐